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Happy Independence Day 2020
Happy Independence Day 2020

Independence Day is celebrated annually on August 15th, in India. Independence Day marks the end of British rule on India, since 1947. It celebrates the establishment of a free and independent Indian nation. It also marks the anniversary of the partition of the subcontinent into two countries, India and Pakistan, which occurred at midnight on August 14–15, 1947. (In Pakistan, Independence Day is celebrated on August, 14th.) 

India is celebrating its 74th Independence Day this 15th of August. Independence Day is an annual observance day which is celebrated every 15th of August.   India celebrates Independence Day and remembers the sacrifices that our freedom fighters made during the struggle against the British Empire. 15th August is declared as National and Gazetted Holiday to commemorate the Independence of our country from the British Empire.



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Independence Day of India, 15 August

Independence Day of India

Independence Day of India 2020

Independence Day of India, 15 August 2020

15 august independence day

Independence day of india

74th independence day 2020



INDEPENDENCE DAY OF INDIA


Britishers began to rule India in 1757 when, following the British victory at the Battle of Plassey, the English East India Company began exercising control over the country. The East India Company ruled India for 100 years until it was replaced by direct British rule (often referred to as the British raj) in the wake of the Indian Mutiny in 1857–58. The Indian independence movement, led by Mohandas K. Gandhi, began during World War I. He advocated for a peaceful and nonviolent end to British rule.


Independence Day is celebrated throughout India with flag-hoisting ceremonies, drills, and singing of the Indian national anthem. Additionally, various cultural programs are also held in the state capitals.


After the prime minister hoists the flag at the Red Fort, a historic monument in Old Delhi, a parade commences with members of the armed forces and police.


The prime minister then delivers a speech to the mass, through a televised address, narrating the major accomplishments of the country during the past year and sketching out future challenges and goals. To commemorate the day, government offices in New Delhi remain lit throughout the holiday, even though they are closed.






15 AUGUST INDEPENDENCE DAY SIGNIFICANCE



Independence Day is one of the most significant days in the history of  India. It stands for the bravery and courage of our freedom fighters. It is the day when Britishers evacuated India and handed over the country to its leaders.


It reminds every Indian the dawn of a new beginning. It reminds them of the independence that they had to fight for. It reminds them of the freedom they accomplished by finally freeing themselves from the clutches of the British colonialism of more than 200 years.


It was on the 15th of August, 1947 when India was declared independent from British colonialism, and the power was handed over to the leaders of the Country. India gaining its independence was a "tryst with destiny".


The struggle for freedom was a long and tiresome one. With all the sacrifices of our freedom fighters, who lost their lives on the line. India witnesses a huge celebration of independence with tricolor flag hoisting, parades, and cultural functions on this day, across the country.


The festive fervor can easily be traced from Delhi to the lengths and breadths of the nation. India will celebrate the completion of its 73rd year of Independence this August honoring the sacrifices made by our forefathers, freedom fighters, and political leaders in order to free our motherland. Hence it is befitting for us to celebrate such National festivals and recall those heroic deeds of our forefathers.


Dr. B.R.Ambedkar provided the longest written constitution to us. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru worked for an Industrialized India. Gandhi Ji taught us Ahimsa and Non-violence. Subhash Chandra Bose inducted courage in us.


But it is not good to remember the heroic deeds of only a few leaders or freedom fighters because the outcome was achieved only through a collective effort. Without cooperation, sacrifice, and involvement of all Indians, it was impossible to attain freedom. So people of India were also heroes behind the success.


We should express our sincere gratitude to all every person who participated in the freedom struggle. We are proud of our motherland, the brave hearts who sacrificed their lives, the incredible heritage, unique culture, unity in diversity, and their significant contribution to global peace, harmony, and brotherhood. 


Therefore it is a sacred duty of every Indian young and old to value the struggle of every fighter who gifted our free land. It is the day on which we should sincerely promise to be dutiful to our Motherland.


We must take an oath to do our duty of preparing ourselves to be well-educated citizens of tomorrow. Illiteracy and poverty are the enemies of a democratic country. Let us work together to get rid of illiteracy and assure our future generations of a brighter future.



INDEPENDENCE DAY FACTS



 When India became independent, there wasn't any national anthem. ‘Jana Gana Mana’ by Rabindranath Tagore, which was first sung in 1911 was declared the national anthem of India in the year 1950.


There was no prime minister, president, or even a government; when India attained freedom. Only much later when India became a republic nation, all of that was decided. During the time of independence, the Governor-General was the most important post and also was the most powerful person in India.


During independence, many parts of India were in fact, different kingdoms. It has been recorded that there were as many as 565 princely states or kingdoms when India became independent. Sardar Vallabhai Patel and other leaders used different strategies to incorporate these kingdoms into India, therefore, changing the system of functioning.

Some of the big kingdoms that became a part of India after Independence were Jammu and Kashmir, Hyderabad, Mysore, and Travancore.


 India is not the only country that celebrates Independence Day on 15th August. There are other countries which share the same day as their Independence Day. Although, these countries became independent in different years. Some of these countries are Bahrain, North Korea, Congo, Liechtenstein, and South Korea.


Even after Independence Goa was a Portuguese colony, and only became a part of India in 1961.


The official celebration of Independence Day by the Government of India takes place at the Red Fort in New Delhi. Here, the Prime Minister delivers a speech to the nation.


The Independence of India also brought about the partition of the country on religious lines. Many people from the Hindu and Muslim communities were killed due to the communal tension and hatred, which became prominent during this time. Many have gone on to say that it resulted in the largest human migration in history. However, it must also be remembered that during these tough times, many people risked their lives to save their neighbors from the opposite community.


Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation, did not take part in the first Independence Day celebration. He went on a hunger strike so that people stop killing each other due to partition.


The job of carving out the borders of Independent India was given to a man called Cyril John Radcliffe. The irony is that he had never been to India and had been given the challenging task of its division. He was so devastated by the destruction it caused that he refused his salary of 40,000 INR, which was a big amount in those days. 

भारत का 74 वां स्वतंत्रता दिवस


This year India will complete 73 years as an independent nation. On the 15th of August in 1947, India was declared as a free country by ending the British colonialism of 200 years. 




INDEPENDENCE DAY DATE


The 15th of August is celebrated as our Independence Day annually.



INDEPENDENCE DAY HISTORY


The British came as traders to India in the 1600’s and were allowed trading rights by the powerful Indian Emperor Jehangir. India was then ruled by the Mughals who were too powerful for the British.


It is only later when the Mughal empire disintegrated that the British began to conquer small parts of India. Starting with the battle of Plassey in 1757, the British began expanding rapidly throughout India up till 1857. By 1857, the Indians were fed up with the British, and there was a massive uprising of resistance throughout Northern India where Indian leaders of different backgrounds fought against the British.


It is widely known as the first battle of Independence, after which the British stopped expanding to other territories within India. Despite the freedom movement the Britishers kept ruling India. The struggle for freedom brought the nation together. Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation, started many movements to force the British to leave India.


By 1945, the British economy was destroyed because of World War 2, and they knew it was only a matter of time before they had to leave. However, on this very memorable day, there was also the tragedy of partition where India was divided into India and Pakistan.



INDEPENDENCE DAY CELEBRATION


Independence day is celebrated with fervor and enthusiasm across the country. People belonging to different ethnicities, religion, caste, and gender unite in celebration. Independence Day is celebrated with great pomp throughout the country.


Independence Day is a national holiday in India. But in schools, celebrations usually take place for an hour or two. In schools, children celebrate India’s Independence Day by singing patriotic songs, reciting speeches, and dancing on patriotic songs. Songs such as Hum Sab Bhartiya Hain, Vande Mataram, Hum Honge Kamiyab are sung on this Day.


The Indian flag is unfurled, kids sing the national anthem. Sweets are distributed in the end. On this particular day, our national flag can be spotted in the hand of every child. Kids even ride their cycle around the neighborhood with the Indian flag majestically fluttering as the cycle picks up speed. 



स्वतंत्रता दिवस QUOTES


On 15 August 1947, India became independent from the British Empire following the Independence Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi and his message of nonviolent resistance. The handover of power was overseen by Lord Mountbatten, the last viceroy of India. In honor of the celebrations, after Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India, he raised the Indian national flag above the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi. 


Quoting some of our leaders-


Mahatma Gandhi said: “From tomorrow [15th August] we shall be delivered from the bondage of the British rule. But from midnight today, India will be partitioned too. While, therefore, tomorrow will be a day of rejoicing, it will be a day of sorrow as well. It will throw a heavy burden of responsibility upon us. Let us pray to God that He may give us the strength to bear it...

 From 'A Tryst with Destiny' by Jawahar Lal Nehru“Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance. It is fitting that at this solemn moment we take the pledge of dedication to the service of India and her people and to the still larger cause of humanity.”


 Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's “Tribute to Those Who Sacrificed Their Lives in Freedom Struggle” in an article in The Bombay Chronicle on 15 August 1947:


“Today when we are witnessing the fulfillment of our life’s ambition and participating in the victory that has crowned the nation’s struggle for freedom, it is our first duty to pay homage to the memory of those whose sacrifices have contributed so much to this glorious conclusion of that struggle. Let the nation honor their memory in the rejoicing which freedom has brought in its train." Lord Mountbatten declared-


 “At this historic moment let us not forget all that India owes to Mahatma Gandhi -- the architect of her freedom through non-violence. We miss his presence here today and would have him know how he is in our thoughts.” A snippet from the speech of Jawaharlal Nehru at the Red Fort, 16 August 1947: 


 “We have gathered here on a historic occasion at this ancient fort to win back what was ours. This flag does not symbolize the triumph of individuals or the Congress but the triumph of the whole country. The free flag of India is the symbol of freedom and democracy not only for India but for the whole world. India, Asia and the world must rejoice on this great day.”




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