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Makar Sankranti 2021

Makar Sankranti 2021


‘Makar Sankranti’ or ‘Maghi’ is a Hindu harvest festival celebrated in the month of January every year. It is a multifaced and multicultural festival as it is celebrated in almost every state of India This festival is dedicated to Sun God and it marks the day of Sun’s movement towards North or Uttarayan. 

This day also marks the end shorter days of winter and the start of longer days of Spring. Maximum Hindu festivals are set by the Lunar cycle but this ancient festival is an exception of that. 

It observed according to the Solar cycle and generally, it falls on the same date or only one day difference. According to people this festival also ends with Poush mash or month of Poush when people can’t organize any auspicious occasion. From the day after this day the Subh month, Magh starts that’s why it also called Maghi.


Makar Sankranti images

Makar Sankranti 2021 images

Makar Sankranti 2021 images 


Happy Sankranti

Happy Sankranti

Makar Sankranti 2021

Sankranti wishes

Happy makar sankranti image

happy Sankranti images 


Happy makar sankranti photo

Makar Sankranti 2021 images

Makar sankranti 2021 photo


Meaning of Makar Sankranti:

Makar Sankranti is actually made by two wards ‘Makar’ and ‘Sankranti’. Here Makar means Capricorn And Sankranti means transition. Whenever the sun enters a particular zodiac sign from another it is called Sankranti. So, in which Sankranti Sun enters Capricorn from Sagittarius is called Makar Sankranti. According to the Hindu calendar, this festival takes place in Paush Sukla Paksha.  


Myths or Legends of Sankranti:

There are more than one myth or Legends available regarding Sankranti
The most popular one among them is that on this day the deity Lord Surya (Sun) visited his son Lord Shani’s house after resolving all differences and conflicts between them. 

Makar Sankranti celebrates the healthy and good relationship between these two Father and sons. People also believe that if on this day any father visits his son’s house then there will be no conflict between them. They will share a positive, healthy, and pure relationship along with happiness and prosperity.

One other legend we find from the epic Mahabharata. We all know that Pitamaha Bhishma was hit by arrows in the war of Kurukshetra and was resting in a bed of arrows on the battlefield. 

He had a boon to choose his own death time and he chooses to wait till Uttarayan of Sun as it was believed that whoever died during this period gets salvation. As the war was fought during Dakshinayan of Sun he waited till Uttarayan and choose to die on the day of Sankranti.

The next myth regarding Sankranti says that this day Mother Ganga or Ganges met the ocean through Ashram of great sage Kapil Muni on request of Bhagirath who brought Ganga to the Earth from heaven to rescue his ancestors.

To mark this occasion every year at Gangasagar people organize a fair near Kapil Muni’s Ashram.   
There is another legend that on this day Lord Vishnu killed all the demons (Asuras) and declared the end of the years continuing war between Gods and Demands. Thus it is also believed that this day all negativity and evil ends.  
  

Makar Sankranti History:

It is really unknown when the celebration of this festival started. It is an ancient Hindu festival. We get a mention of this festival in many old scripts.

Significance of Makar Sankranti or why people celebrate Makar Sankranti??

There are two reasons mainly for which people celebrate Makar Sankranti. Among these two ones is religious or mythological and another one is Scientific.

According to mythology this day Sun starts its journey from south to north. This towards North's journey is called Uttarayan and the southeast journey is called Dakshinayan. People believe that Dakishanayan is not a good time to do all goose works as people believe it represents negativity while during Uttaryan things become positive.

As per scientific reason this day there is the same length of Day and Night. From this day shorter days of Winter ends and large days of springs start from the next day.

So, for all these reasons people celebrate Makar Sankranti.

Which God is Worshipped in Makar Sankranti?

Sankranti is all about Sun’s journey from one zodiac to another. People believe that Sun’s journey towards Uttarayan brings happiness and prosperity and helps to resolve all negativity, conflict, and differences within family and friends. 

It also brings new agricultural season, India being an agriculture-based country it means a lot to many people of India. It is also called a Harvest festival.  so during Sankranti people generally worship Lord Sun or Surya Dev.

But some of the people also believe that on this day Mother Ganges came to Earth from heaven for a request from Vagirath to salvage his ancestors. River Ganga met Ocean or Sagar after passing through Ashram of Kapil Muni where Vagirath’s ancestors were been transformed to ashes by Curse of Muni for disturbing his meditation. 
People believe that on the day of Sankranti if they worship holy river Ganga and take a dip, they will get ‘Mukti’ so lots of people worship Ganga.

As Sankranti is also a harvest festival and starts a new agricultural season so many people also worship Goddess Lakshmi.

How people celebrate Makar Sankranti:

People celebrate this festival by doing lots of things.
Prepare sweet dishes: All over the Indian people celebrate this festival by making various kinds of sweet dishes like till ke Laddu, Pithe, halwa, etc.
Kite Flying: In many places of India people like to fly kites on this day. Many local organizations of various states organize kite flying competitions or Patang Utsav. In this time In Gujrat, people organize the Biggest International Kite Festival or Patang Mahotsav.
Holy Dip: As people believe that on this day if whoever takes a dip in Holy River the Ganges gets Salvation or Mukti from all his or her Karma so they take a holy dip in this sacred river at early morning. People visit Varanasi, Ujjain, Prayag, Ganga Sagar to get their holy bath.
Fairs: Many places people organize fairs to celebrate this festival. Few very famous Sankranti Melas are Kumbh Mela, Ganga Sagar Mela, Makar Mela, etc.

Donation: People believe that doing Donation on this day brings good Oman that’s why this day after taking a bath in Holy Ganga they donate things to needy persons.
  

Makar Sankranti Celebration throughout India:


Makar Sankranti is a multicultural festival as it is celebrated nearly in every part of India. Various states of India celebrate this festival with their own rituals according to their culture.

Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand:

In Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, this festival is known as ‘Khichri’. People this day takes a bath in Holy Ganga while fasting. After bathing they pray to God and then eat sweets made by til and gud (sesame seed and jaggery). Later they offer a special dish of Khichri made by rice, lentil and seseonal vegetables that’s why its name as Khichri.
People enjoy Kite flying festival.

Himachal Pradesh:

In Himachal Pradesh People celebrate Magha Saji, Saji means a new start and they mean by Magha Saji the start of a new month of Magha. On this day people get up early in the morning and takes a ceremonial bath in springs. 

During day time they visit neighbors and socialize. Later they share a meal of Khichri and Ghee with their near and dear ones. The festival comes in an end with the performing of folk songs and dance.

Punjab:

People of Punjab celebrate Lohri in the evening before Sankranti. They organize a bonfire in a society where they throw till and chura in the fire, perform their folk dance Bhangra and many Lohri songs.
On the day of Sankranti, they celebrate Maghi. 

They take a ceremonial bath in the morning to start this day. Hindus lit sesame oil lamp to drive away sins, negativity, and in hope of prosperity. It's just for people to have kheer a dish made by rice, milk, and sugar to eat for this festival.

Delhi and Haryana:

In Delhi and Haryana, people celebrate Sankrant by giving gifts. Generally, brothers of married women go to their sister's house with a gift of warm clothes and sweets for their sisters and their in-laws.

This day married women sing folk songs and prepare special dishes for their family.

Rajasthan:

It is a major festival of Rajasthan which is celebrated with lots of Rajasthani delicacies.
This day Rajasthani women perform a special ritual of giving either household, food or any makeup articles to 13 married women.

 In the first Sankranti after marriage women are invited to their maternal home along with their husband for a feast.
They donate til-gud, sweets, dry fruits, dry khichri to needy persons. Kite flying is a inseparable part of this festival.

Gujrat:

‘Uttarayan’ as Sankranti called in Gujrat is a very important and popular 2-day long festival. The first day is Uttarayan and 2nd day is Vasi Uttarayan.
Gujrat is famous for its Patang Utsav or kite flying festival during Sankranti.

Bihar and Jharkhand:

In Bihar and Jharkhand, this festival is called Khichri as people share rich Khichri which is generally made during this festival. People take ceremonial baths, offer their gratitude to God for good harvest and feast in-sessional foods and sweets made by till and gud. They fly kites also.

Orisha:

In Orisha people celebrate Makra. They prepare a special food called Makara by newly harvest raw rice, milk, coconut, sweets, and banana and offer it to god as they celebrate this festival as a harvest festival. They worship Lord Sun. they also socialize and spends time with friends.

West Bengal:

In West Bengal, people called it ‘Poush Sankranti’ or ‘Poush Parban’ or ‘Pithe Puki Utsav’. It’s a 3day long festival when people clean their homes and makes special sweet dishes called ‘Pithe’ by rice flour, jaggery, coconut, and Milk. On the 3rd day, people worship Goddess Lakshmi for prosperity as this puja is being performed in an open area outside the house so it is called Bahirlakshi Puja.

Many people visit Ganga Sagar mela to take a bath in Holy Ganga.

Assam:

People of Assam celebrate a popular harvest festival called agha Bihu or Bhogali Bihu during Sankranti.

Bihu is famous for feast, bonfire, folk songs, and folk dance. Young people make small huts of bamboo and bamboo leaves called ‘Maji’  have their festival meal their and the next day they burn the hut.

Maharastra:

In Maharashtra, people exchange til-gud laddu, halwa, puran poli(a special Marathi sweet) as good wish and prosperity. They wish each other “til-gud ghyaa, ane goad goad bolaa.” Means take this til-gud and speck sweet.

This day married women exchange haldi-kumkum wishing each other’s husband’s long life.


Andhra Pradesh:

In Andhra Pradesh Makar Sankranti is celebrated for three days.
1st day is Bhogi Panduga when people threw away their old and unnecessary things in a bonfire which is called Bhogi.

The next day is Pedda Panduga which is celebrated with prayers. People wear new clothes and invite guests for feasts. The entrance of the house is decorated with rangoli, filled with colors and flowers.
Farmers decorate their cattle, worship them, and take them to the ground to showcase them to people. They also offer their gratitude towards soil, rain, and fire for helping the harvest.

Karnataka:

Makar Sankranti is the Suggi or harvest festival for Karnataka. On this day women wear new clothes and perform the rituals of "Ellu Birodhu" where they exchange a plate of Ellu-Bella ("Ellu" or white sesame seeds mixed with fried groundnuts, neatly cut dry coconut and fine cut “Bella” or jaggery) as Sankranti offering.
Except for Ellu Bella, women of Karnataka often exchanged Ellu Unde, bananas, sugarcane, red berries, haldi and kumkum and house-hold useful in everyday lives.

Tamilnadu:

Makar Sankranti which is called Pongal in Tamilnadu is a four-day festival.
1st day is Bhogi Pandigai when People destroy and burn their old clothes to let go of the bad past, memories, conflicts, and hope of a new prosperous future.

2nd day is called Thai Pongal which is the main festival where The rice is boiled and offered to the god and called as the tradition of rice prevails.

3rd day is Mattu Pongal. On this day Cattles are decorated and worshipped as a sign of showing gratitude for their role in agriculture.

The last day is Kaanum Pongal when People wear new clothes and visit relatives and exchange gifts.

Special dishes of Makar Sankranti:

There are lots of Sankranti special dishes prepared in all over India. Different states make different delicacies. But the maximum of them contains Til, Gud, Rice flower, coconut, uncooked rice, milk, etc. People make Halwa, til-gud laddu, kheer, makar, pithe etc.

Special cloths of Makar Sankranti:

Generally, on the day of Makar Sankranti people wear black which is an exception as in maximum festivals Black is considered as a bad omen.

As per belief people wear black to fight back evil but there is a scientific reason. As it is the days when the winter season is going to end to let come Spring so it is considered as the coldest day of the season. Black color absolve heat and keeps the body warm this another reason why people wear black.



Why do we fly kites during Sankranti?

From the morning of Sankranti we can observe colorful kites in the sky. Nearly everywhere in India, it is a tradition of flying kites in the day of Sankranti. There are a few reasons why people fly kites on the day of Sankranti. Among them few are beliefs, few are scientific.

People beliefs that through flying kites in the sky they offer their prayers and show their gratitude to God.

The maximum of the people are ambitious and want to achieve their goals. When it comes to ambition, it is been said sky is the limit. So many person want to fly kite high to fulfil their ambition to touch the sky.

There is a scientific reason too. It is said that winter brings a lot of germs and sickness with it and the sun of Spring is capable of killing many germs. So flying kite gives people the exposure to spend the morning and maximum part of the day under sun rays and stay healthy.

5 facts about Sankranti:

1. Makar Sankranti is the only Hindu festival that follows a Solar calendar, unlike other Hindu festivals that follow a loner calendar. Thus each year it generally falls in the same day.  

2. Makar Sankranti is not only important festival of India only. Nepal also celebrate this festival with great enthusiasm.

3. It also starts pilgrimage. Many people go to pilgrimage during Sankranti to Kumbh Mela, Gangasagar Mela, Varanasi, Prayag, etc to take a holly bath in river Ganga.

4. Makar Sankranti Ends Winter and its long nights and begins Spring.

5. On the day of Makar Sankranti, the length of Day and night is equal.

Makar Sankranti Date:

Makar Sankranti falls on the same date every year. Till 2014 this festival was observed on 14th January but due to the change of axis of Earth from 2015, and after that, the date changed on 14th January. but in 2021 this festival will be observed on 14th January again.

Makar Sankranti 20210:

This year in 2021 Makar Sankranti will be observed on 14th January. Details about Makar Sankranti 2021 are
Date - 14 January
Punyakal (auspicious time)- 08:03:07 to 12:30:00 (Duration 4 Hour 26 Minute)
Maha Punya Kal - from 08:03:07 to 08:27:07
(Duration :0 Hour 24 Minute)
Sankranti Moment :08:03:07
Sankranti Bath - Morning, 14 January 2021
(all these timings has been taken from Panchang)




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