Saraswati Puja/ Vasant Panchami 2021:
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Saraswati Puja/ Vasant Panchami 2021

Saraswati Puja/ Vasant Panchami 2021


Its time for the end of winter and mother earth is all ready to welcome Spring which is popularly known as Vasant or Basant in India. On the fifth day of Vasant or Spring or 5th day, od Sukla paksha of Month Magha is called Vasant Panchami which is a very auspicious day as on this day the Goddess of Knowledge and Art Ma Saraswati is being worshipped.

On this day every year, Goddess Saraswati who is also known as a goddess of peace, purity, innocence, and speech is been worshipped by Hindu intellectual, intelligent and artistic people all over the Globe.  


Saraswati puja photo

Saraswati puja photo 


Saraswati puja image

Saraswati puja image 


Saraswati puja celebration pic

Saraswati puja celebration pic


2021 basant panchami

2021 basant panchami


Saraswati puja 2021 image

 Saraswati puja 2021 image


 Goddess Saraswati or Ma Saraswati:

Goddess Saraswati or Ma Saraswati is the Hindu goddess of Knowledge, Wisdom, intellect, Learning, speech Music and Art. She is also the second name for purity and innocence.

The name Saraswati comes from two Sanskrit words ‘Saras’ means flow and ‘Wati’ or “voti’ means the owner of something. So, the meaning is who owns flow or who flows. She repents knowledge that always flows from generation to generation. Saraswati is also the name of a famous and sacred river of the Indian peninsula which was named after the deity.

Goddess Saraswati along with Lakshmi and Parvati is part of the three most important forms of Adi Sakti or the female form of driving force of the universe. Saraswati, Lakshmi, and Parvati together popularly known as ‘Tridevi’ who helps their respective better halves Brahma, Vishnu, and Maheswar to perform the duties towards the universe i.e. Creation, Preservation and destruction.

The Goddess Saraswati is depicted as a beautiful white-skinned long black-haired woman wearing pure white sharee, adorned with white ornaments, and seated on a white lotus. She is been imagined with two hands as well as in some places with four hands. Swain is imagined as her vehicle and her companion is Veena (musical instruments), books, inkpot with ink, and pen made by the wooden stick is also found with her.

White dress, white ornaments, and white lotus of Goddess Saraswati symbolize light, knowledge, purity, and truth. Veena in hands of Saraswati represents all kind of musical and artistic aspect, books in her hand is a symbol of Veda and ultimate knowledge.

The Swan or Hansa according to Hindu mythology is a sacred bird who can choose only good from a mixture of good and bad. The swan in her feet is a representation of spiritual perfection and moksha. 

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Myths about Goddess Saraswati:

It is said that at the primitive stage of creation of Universe everything was formless in a fluid state.

According to some old texts, She is the better half of Brahma one of the Tridev who is responsible for the creation in this Universe. It is said that at the primitive stage of creation of Universe everything was formless in a fluid state.

It is said that at the primitive stage of creation of Universe everything was formless in a fluid state. It is said that at the primitive stage of creation of Universe everything was formless in a fluid state.

At that time he was utterly confused about how he would manage the unorganized and chaotic condition. He prayed to Adi Shakti for the solution to this problem. Devi told him to organize everything with Knowledge. When Brahma thought about knowledge a goddess came out from his mouth holding a book and a veena in her hand. That’s how Goddess Saraswati was born.

Devi asked them to return the Soma plant to Devtas and in return, she will teach them music which they obliged. Later Gandharvas became the celestial musician of Swarga.

There are lots of myths available regarding Devi Saraswati. A few of them we provided bellow.

According to some old texts, She is the better half of Brahma one of the Tridev who is responsible for the creation in this Universe. It is said that at the primitive stage of creation of Universe everything was formless in a fluid state.

According to some old texts, She is the better half of Brahma one of the Tridev who is responsible for the creation in this Universe.

It is said that once Gandharvas’ stole Soma plant from Gods and Goddess Saraswati promised to bring back the plant. She along with her Veena went to the garden of Gandharvas and played music. They were enchanted by the music and wanted to learn.

Once one Demon did a tough Tapasya to impress Brahma and from him, the demon wanted to ask the boon of ruling in three worlds Swarga, Prithvi, and Patal. Devtas became in trouble when they saw that Brahma was impressed with the demon and ready to give a boon to the demon. Devtas went to Saraswati and she became the goddess of speech manipulated the demon to ask the boon of sleep.

Once one Demon did a tough Tapasya to impress Brahma and from him, the demon wanted to ask the boon of ruling in three worlds Swarga, Prithvi, and Patal. Devtas became in trouble when they saw that Brahma was impressed with the demon and ready to give a boon to the demon. Devtas went to Saraswati and she became the goddess of speech manipulated the demon to ask the boon of sleep.

Saraswati puja celebration:

Devi Saraswati is the Hindu goddess of Knowledge, music, art, and culture. Devi Saraswati is generally worshipped by students, professionals, artists, and musicians seeking knowledge, power of learning, wisdom, skill both artistic and technical, academic strengths, and good health.

As Devi Saraswati whose other name is Bagdevi is also the goddess of speech also so people worship her in their home. All educational, art, and music institute worship Ma Saraswati for their prosperity.

Generally, Saraswati puja is performed on the day of Vasant Panchami and to seek blessings of Goddess Saraswati. To perform the rituals of PujaNavratri but anyone can perform Saraswati puja at their home any time if wanted people wake up early and take a bath set up idol or photo of Goddess and Kalash, mantras and complete the offering place books art supplies or musical instruments in feet of Devi, chant mantras and complete the offering.


Saraswati puja special dress:

On this occasion the dominant color is Yellow. As the vibrant yellow color welcomes the season Spring when nature is going to adore itself with lots of colorful flowers and new lives of a tree. yellow signifies the ripening of fruits and crops.

In North India, all the mustard field blossoms and looks like someone spread a yellow carpet in the field. To celebrate spring as well as the good harvest people Spring.chose to wear yellow and brighten their life along with bright colors of

On this special occasion generally, people decked up in their traditional best. Girls especially young girls wear Yellow cotton Shares. Especially in Bengal where each and Saraswati. 

Tiny tots, little baby girls, and young girls wear Sharee while we every educational and Art institute deck up themselves for worshiping Ma

the whole year also adorns themselves in Basanti or yellow Kurtas on this day. These can spot young boys in Kurta Pajamas. Those boys who generally avoid Kurta's cute little tiny babies in traditional wear are a visual treat.


Saraswati puja special dish:

Saraswati Puja is associated with some special dishes. Especially Bengalis like to have some special kinds of food some of which are also part of rituals on this day.

Fist to mention is Gota Sidhho a dish made by whole green moong dal and whole vegetables boiling together and then adding seasonings. Generally, people use wither 6 or multiple of 6 types of vegetables for this dish.

Next is obviously traditional Bhuni Khichuri made by Atap chal and moong dal, a mixed vegetable dish called as labrar tarkari, begun vaja or fried Brengle, kuler Chatni of chatny made from berry and payesh as a desert. In a few homes, people offer this platter to Goddess and serve it as Bhog. But if anna bhog isn't offered to goddess then also people like to have their lunch with these delicacies.

At evening in many homes, there is a ritual of Shital performed which is offering bhog of Luchi and Suji to goddess. Generally, people take a pure vegetarian dish on this occasion but there are very few exceptions. There are few families who have the tradition of eating two fishes or jora machh on this day. 


Saraswati puja in Bengal

Saraswati Puja is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Bengal. Nearly in every home people worship Devi Saraswati. Every educational institute such as schools, colleges, tutorial homes, and institutes of art music and culture such as art and drawing schools, dance and music schools, etc.

also, celebrate this occasion in a grand way where all students and teachers participate in wholeheartedly. They bath in the early morning and before bath generally use raw turmeric. People observe fast and prepare for the puja while decked up in traditional yellow dress generally girls wear Sharees and boys Kurta.

It’s a special day for all students so we can observe streets of Bengal filled with little and teenage boys and girls in traditional dress who visiting their schools, colleges, or hanging out with their friends. Tiny cute girls and boys visit their school in sharee and Kurta is a vision to cherish.
Its not only about the day of the puja only. In Bengal, many schools involve students in preparation for Saraswati Puja to infect some of the schools gives grade 9 and 11 students the opportunity to share the responsibility of Puja along with teachers. Students also participate with zeal and excitements.

We can see the wonderful decoration of Puja place by students. Generally, the decorative pieces used to decorate the place aren’t bought from the market but handcrafted by students of the institute. We can see students to involve in every aspect of Puja from buying the idle, cleaning and decorating the place of Puja, preparation for offerings, distributing Prasad to perform the rituals of dadhi-karma and Visarjan.
Students cherish the moments and often we see people feeling nostalgic remembering the details later in their adulthood. Many schools and institutes arrange special feasts for their students on the occasion along with Prasads. Few institutes organize the feast in day of the puja itself while others in some other day.

One of the unique and important ceremonies is being performed at the time of Saraswati puja called‘Hate-Khari’ were in front of Ma Saraswati tiny kids were made to touch either pen, ink, or chalk for the first time. Generally, one elder person sits with the kid in his or her lap and made the baby write his first letter in a chalkboard or slate. This is officially beginning the learning phase of the child.   In Bengal, the day of Saraswati Puja is not only the day when the Goddess is worshipped but also it is celebrated as Bengali Valentine Day or Bengali day of love.

On this day teenagers get permission to stay out with their friends for long time Parents generally don’t interfere with which friends their kids are hanging on that day Gates of boys and girls only schools’ gates also became open for other gender and students of other schools.Students come schools and colleges in their traditional best so chances of looking different and impressing others are high in chance. Encouragement of friends mad it easy to approach the crush and spend some time while having someJhalmuri or Phuchka time.

All these reasons make it Bengali Valentine’s Day. Many young couples spend this day together alone or along with groups of friends. 


History of Goddess Saraswati:

Worshiping Goddess Saraswati by devotees to seek knowledge, wisdom, music, art, ability to speak is not new. We get a mention of Ma Saraswati in Rigveda the oldest Veda of Hindus. After the age of Rigveda, the importance of Saraswati only increased. Here the scholar writers mention Saraswati both as the deity as well as the famous river named Saraswati.

In the famous epic The Mahabharata also we can find mention of Saraswati where she has been addressed as “mother of Vedas” We can find mention of her in many major and minor Sankrit publications.


Why do we celebrate Saraswati puja?

Saraswati Puja is very special for students and practitioners of performing arts as Goddess Saraswati is the mistress of Knowledge, wisdom, and all kind of art forms.

Students celebrate this occasion to seek blessings from the mother goddess for passing their exams and future prosperity.

Scholars, Artists, and Musicians also celebrate this occasion to thank Goddess and seeking blessings for the future.

 Many people celebrate the goddess who is

mistress of speech so their thanks for the boon of fluent spiking power.


Facts about Saraswati Puja:

·      Saraswati puja takes place in the day of Vasant Panchami which generally falls in English the month of January or February.

·      It’s a no study day for students. On this day students surrender their books in feet of Goddess Saraswati so they don’t study on this day. Parents also not tell students to study on this day even if the exam is approaching also.

·      It’s a yellow dressing day. The theme of this day is yellow. For this festival people dressed up in yellow.

·      In some places, she is depicted with 4 arms while in other places with two.

·      Her 4 arms represent 4 Vedas Rigveda, Atharvaveda, Samveda, and Yajurveda.

·      People believe that with blessings of Goddess Saraswati they can obtain ultimate spiritual knowledge which will lead them to ‘Moksha’. That’s why she is also referred to as is also known to guide the souls.

·      Saraswati is also the name of a river which we find in Rigveda but people say that later the rives go under earth's surface and now also flows under the earth. People also believe that this river meets with river Ganges and Yamun to form Triveni in Prayag.

·      At various parts of the country people engage in kite flying.

·      It is considered as Indian Valentine’s day.

·      In the eastern part of the country, people consider Devi Saraswati as a daughter of Lord Shiva and Devi Parvati.

·      Some other parts of India people celebrate the day as harvesting festivals.



Vasant Panchami :

Vasant Panchami is the 5th day of Sukla Paksha of the month of Magha. Vasant means Spring which brings color, happy harvest, and prosperity in mother nature as well as in people’s life.

Many states celebrate this festival to welcome the season Spring, the king of 6 seasons. After trees shades, their leaves in winter springs come with a new ray of hope in the form of generation of new leaves of trees.

Many crops mature during Spring and bring a good harvest. In Northern India mustard flowers become mature and people can observe a scenic beauty of blossoming yellow mustard flowers in a vast area. People celebrate this festival by wearing a yellow dress, eating yellow sweets and decorating their homes with yellow flowers.

In East India people worship Goddess Saraswati the goddess of knowledge, wisdom, and arts. There is a story associated with the great poet Kalidas. It is believed that on that day after getting darshan and blessings of Goddess Saraswati Kalidas who was a foolish man became a knowledgeable and great poet who wrote books like ‘Meghnad’, ‘Kumarsamvab’ etc. 



Why people worship Goddess Saraswati in Vasant Panchami?

According to Hindu mythology the Goddess was born in this day from the mouth of Brahma to organize a formless chaotic universe with the power of knowledge. That’s the reason people took this day to worship her. 


How is goddess Saraswati worshiped?

Devi Saraswati is the goddess of both Para and Apara Vidya means both spiritual and material learning. 
Generally, on the morning of Vasant Panchami people start the Puja according to Tithi in their home. Some people worship idle of the goddess while others worship photos or pot of mother goddess. 

People perform bath in the morning, perform the puja obser, chanting mantras, does arti, gives Pushpanjali, Purohits perform havan or jogya seeking the blessing of goddess They offer fruits, card, puffed rice and naibedya, Next day people perform the Visarjana ritual.

According to wise people, the best way to worship Goddess Saraswati is not to worship the idle for one day but to worship knowledge or study to gain knowledge throughout the whole year.

They decorate the place of Puja with many beautiful decorative items, Alpana (a design made in the floor in front of idle or photo of Goddess) and fresh flowers especially yellow marigold flowers. the worship of Maa  Saraswati or Saraswati Puja cannot be completed without Palash flowers, plums, page, and abhro (herbal powdered colors), bel leaves and white sandalwood paste.

As Ma Saraswati is the goddess of Art, learning, knowledge, and wisdom that’s why people offer books, inkpot with ink, wooden pen, stationery, art supplies, musical instruments in front of Devi. 

Other names of Goddess Saraswati:

Goddess Saraswati is also known by a few other names-

·  Sarada which means giver of essence 

· Brahmani as Goddess of Science 

·Brahmi because she is the wife of Brahma

·   Mahavidya as the holder of supreme knowledge

·   Bharati as mistress of fluent or persuasive speaking or writing

· Bharadi as the goddess of history

· Vani and Vachi which refers to the flow of music, song, melodious tune, speech, etc.

·  Varnesvari  as she is the goddess of letters

· Kavijihvagravasini as poets worships her because she is the one who dwells on their tongue.

·   Maha-vidya as the supreme holder of knowledge and wisdom.

· Arya (noble one)

· Maha-Vani  as the goddess of word

·  Kamadhenu because she fulfills the wishes of her devotees like the wish-fulfilling cow.

·And Vagishvari or Bagdevi because she is the mistress of speech.


Saraswati Puja 2021 Date: 16 February 2021.

Vasant Panchami Muhurat - 06:42 AM to 12:30 PMDuration - 05 Hours 48 Mins.
Vasant Panchami Madhyahna Moment - 12:30 PMPanchami Tithi Begins - 03:36 AM on Feb 16, 2021Panchami Tithi Ends - 05:46 AM on Feb 17, 2021


Saraswati puja mantra

या कुन्देन्दुतुषारहारधवला या शुभ्रवस्त्रावृता।

या वीणावरदण्डमण्डितकरा या श्वेतपद्मासना॥

या ब्रह्माच्युत शंकरप्रभृतिभिर्देवैः सदा वन्दिता।

सा मां पातु सरस्वती भगवती निःशेषजाड्यापहा॥१॥

शुक्लां ब्रह्मविचार सार परमामाद्यां जगद्व्यापिनीं।

वीणा-पुस्तक-धारिणीमभयदां जाड्यान्धकारापहाम्‌॥

हस्ते स्फटिकमालिकां विदधतीं पद्मासने संस्थिताम्‌।

वन्दे तां परमेश्वरीं भगवतीं बुद्धिप्रदां शारदाम्‌॥२॥



In Bengali সরস্বতী পুজা মন্ত্র  (বাংলা)


ওঁ জয় জয় দেবী চরাচর সারে,

কুচযুগ শোভিত মুক্তাহারে


বীণা পুস্তক রঞ্জিত হস্তে


ভগবতি ভারতী দেবী নমোহস্তুতে ।।


ওঁ সরস্বতী মহাভাগে


বিদ্যে কমলোচনে


বিশ্বরূপে বিশালাক্ষি


বিদ্যেং দেহি নমোহস্তুতে ।।


To begin Saraswati Puja

Dhyana (ध्यान)

Ya Kundendu-Tushara-Hara-Dhavala, Ya Shubhra-Vastravrita,

Ya Vina-Vara-Danda-Mandita-Kara, Ya Shveta-Padmasana॥

Ya Brahmachyuta-Shankara-Prabhritirdevaih Sada Vandita,

Sa Mam Patu Saraswati Bhagawati Nihshesha-Jadyapaha॥


Avahan (आवाहन)

      Agachchha Deva-Deveshi! Tejomayi Saraswati!

Kriyamanam Maya Pujam, Grihana Sura-Vandite!

॥Shri Saraswati-Devim Avahayami॥

Pushpanjali-1 (पुष्पाञ्जलि-१)

Nana-Ratna-Samayuktam, Karta-Swara-Vibhushitam।

Asanam Deva-Deveshi! Prityartham Prati-Grihyatam॥

॥Shri Saraswati-Devyai Asnarthe Pancha-Pushpani Samarpayami॥


Pushpanjali-2 (पुष्पाञ्जलि-२)

Om Shri Saraswati-Devyai Namah Padayoh Padyam Samarpayami।

Om Shri Saraswati-Devyai Namah Shirasi Arghyam Samarpayami।

Om Shri Saraswati-Devyai Namah Gandhakshatam Samarpayami।

Om Shri Saraswati-Devyai Namah Pushpam Samarpayami।

Om Shri Saraswati-Devyai Namah Dhupam Ghrapayami।

Om Shri Saraswati-Devyai Namah Dipam Darshayami।

Om Shri Saraswati-Devyai Namah Naivedyam Samarpayami।

Om Shri Saraswati-Devyai Namah Achamaniyam Samarpayami।

Om Shri Saraswati-Devyai Namah Tambulam Samarpayami।


Pushpanjali-3 (पुष्पाञ्जलि-३)

Om Shri Saraswatyai Namah। Anena Pujanena Shri Saraswati Devi Priyatam। Namo Namah।



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